Thursday, 15 June 2017

World Elder Abuse Awareness day- 15th June - free resources

The 15th June has been designated by the United Nations as World Elder Abuse awarenes day to increase knowledge and work to eliminate abuse and violence against older people worldwide.

in 2017 the theme is Violence against older persons, a human rights issue

The official UN page has related messages and resolutions 

Some sources for investigating the nature and extent of violence against older people include:

it cites evidence from a number of surveys of reports of violence against older people.

The World Health Organization also has a factsheet updated in June 2017 on elder abuse. It quotes the shocking statistics that "Around 1 in 6 older people experienced some form of abuse in the past year"

Large numbers of older women suffer abuse.
A 2013 UN document discusses the existing research for understanding, measuring and responding to  neglect, abuse and violence against older women.

University of Durham research on sexual violence against older women

 Indexes for tracing journal articles and reports

These resources offer abstracts and in some cases links to full text reports on age related topics.

Tuesday, 30 May 2017

Global Parents day- economist guide to what we owe our parents!

The United Nations has delcared 1st June global parents day
It calls upon nations to recognise the role and sacrifice made by many parents worldwide.
Here is our quick guide to the economics of parental sacrifice.

What does it cost to raise a child?

The annual survey by LV and CEBR found that in 2016 the average cost of bringing up a child from birth to 21 was £231,843
this was a raise of 2.2% in 2015.

One of the highest costs is childcare. The Annual Family and Childcare Trust survey has been recording data in 2002.
in 2017 it stated that

Childcare costs families more than double what they spend on food and drink.

It has also noted the high costs of child care and activities during school holidays. This has been reiterated in a Child Poverty Action Group Survey

How about the bank of mum and dad?

In recent years many parents have also taken on the financial burden of assisting their children onto the property ladded.
According to a recent report from the Guardian the  'so-called bank of mum and dad will help fund property purchases worth about £75bn in 2017,  including deposits for more than 298,000 mortgages'
this relates to research commissioned by Legal and General.The full text report and infographics can be downloaded form the website

Loss of sleep.

Parents also lose sleep which economists have estimated effects their economic productivity and careeer prospects.
Read the full text working paper  
Costa-Font, Joan and Fl├Ęche, Sarah (2017) Parental sleep and employment: evidence from a British cohort study. CEP Discussion Papers, CEPDP1467. Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
which found that 'A one-hour reduction in sleep duration significantly decreases labour force participation, the number of hour’s worked and household income'.

However being a parent may mean more happiness !

Some more positive reviews of the benefits in terms of life satisfaction from Psychology Today
remember this is only partial there are others showing the opposite.
one of the positive studies it mentions is In defense of Parenthood- by nelson et al which in a review of 3 studies finds that  contrary to previous reports, parents (and especially fathers) report relatively higher levels of happiness, positive emotion, and meaning in life than do nonparents.

Thursday, 25 May 2017

food packaging and waste - what do we really recycle?

According  to the Recycling Association- the hardest items to recycle are
Pringles Crisp packets and Lucozade sports Drink bottles

 But how much do we recycle and what are the real problems?
 Get some facts from these resources

they have annual data on local authority collected household recycling waste by weight, also information on the percentage recycled,
This is based on anual Waste Data Flow raw data


The National Packaging Waste database is for registered suppliers of packaging its public area also gives information on UK standards, agreements . it also has some data on packaging accepted for recycling and producer compliance
Wrap is a registered charity which seeks to reduce waste. It produces resources for manufacturers 
Its website has surveys with opinions from the Food and Drink Federation.

 What do consumers do and think?
RECycling Of Used Plastics Limited (RECOUP) is a registered charity and not-for-profit member based organisation.  RECOUP works in collaboration with all stakeholders to promote, develop, stimulate and increase the levels of plastics recycling within the UK.Its website has information on household collection and recycling of plastics plus surveys of consumers.

International studies - how does the UK compare?

Good starting points are Eurostat which has interesting time series rates for household waste generated and recycled in EU nations over the last ten years

It is also worth searching the UNEP website for books and reports on waste management